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Convoy Routes - WW1 & WW2


World War 1

Homeward/OutwardRouteNotes
HBBay of Biscay to UK
HCHalifax, NS to UKLater, Quebec troop convoy
HDDakar to UK
HEMediterranean to UKThrough convoys
HGGibraltar to UK
HHHampton Roads to UK
HJRio de Janeiro to UK
HJDRio de Janeiro to UKJoined HD
HJLRio de Janeiro to UKJoined HL
HLSierra Leone to UK
HSSydney, NS to UK
HXNew York to UK
OBFrom Buncrana, UK
OCFrom Southend, UK
ODFrom Devonport, UK
OEFrom Liverpool, UKTo Eastern Med'
OFFrom Falmouth, UK
OLFrom Liverpool, UK
OLBFrom Liverpool, UKSlow convoy
OLXFrom Liverpool, UKFor Halifax, NS
OMFrom Milford, UK
ORFrom BrestReturning US troop convoys
OPFrom QuiberonReturning US troop convoys
OVFrom VerdonReturning US troop convoys


pic origin not known

World War 2

NumberRouteNotes
A.B.Aden - BombayFrom Nov' 1942
A.C.Aden - Colombo
A.H.Aruba - Halifax, NSFrom July to Sept' 1942. 4 convoys only
A.K.D.Aden - Kilindini - DurbanFrom Sept' 1943
A.P.UK - Middle East
via Cape
Summer 1940. Fast military convoy with war materials for Middle East
A.S.America - FreetownFrom March 1942, military convoys
A.T.New York - UKFrom March 1942, military convoys
B.A.Bombay - Aden/Red SeaFrom May 1941, military then later merchant
B.B.UK Coastal
B.C.Beira - CapetownJuly to September 1943, then A.K.D.
B.C.Bombay - ColomboFrom September 1943
B.D.White Sea - DiksonRussian. From summer 1943
B.H.X.Bermuda - Halifax Feeder. May 1940 to March 1941
B.K.White Sea - Kola FjordRussian. From Summer of 1941
B.R.N.Brazilian CoastFrom late 1942
B.S.Brest - CasablancaFrench. September 1939 to June 1940
B.T.Sydney, NSW - USAFrom January 1943. Military
B.T.Bahia - TrinidadNovember 1942 to July 1943 then J.T.
B.T.C.U.K. coastalFrom June 1944
B.X.Boston - Halifax, NSFrom 1942
C.A.Colombo - Aden
C.B.Capetown - BeiraJuly to September 1943 them D.K.A.
C.B.Colombo - BombayFrom September 1943
C.D.Capetown - DurbanFrom November 1942
C.E.U.K. coastalFrom September 1940. St Helens to Southend
C.F.Capetown - FreetownFrom May 1941
C.G.Casablanca - GibraltarFrom January 1943 for F.T.
C.H.Colombo - Calcutta
C.J.Colombo - Chittagong
C.M.Capetown - Red SeaFrom June 1940. Military
C.T.UK - North AmericaFrom August 1941. Military
C.U.Caribbean - UKFrom February 1943. Tanker convoys
C.W.UK CoastalChannel coast
C.X.Colombo -
Maldives - Chagos
From April 1943
C.Z.Curacao - Panama CanalFrom August 1942
D.B.Dikson - White SeaFrom summer 1942. Russian
D.C.Durban - CapetownFrom December 1942
D.K.A.Durban - Kilindini - AdenFrom September 1943
D.N.Durban - North
E.B.C.English ChannelFrom June 1944. Eastern feeder, Operation Neptune
E.B.MEnglish ChannelFrom June 1944. Western feeder, Operation Neptune
E.C.Southend - Loch Ewe -
Clyde
From March to October 1941
E.C.P.English ChannelFrom June 1944. Invasion convoys
E.M.C.English ChannelFrom June 1944. Invasion convoys
E.N.Methil - Loch Ewe (Clyde)From August 1940 to Clyde, from July 1941 to Loch Ewe only
E.T.North African Ports -
Gibraltar
From November 1942
E.T.C.English ChannelFrom June 1944. Eastern feeder for Operation Neptune
E.W.UK CoastalChannel area West
F.C.Freetown - CapetownFrom May 1941
F.N.Southend - MethilFrom September 1939
F.N.Freetown - NatalFrom summer 1942
F.P.Brest - UKFrom March to June 1940
F.S.Methil - SouthendFrom September 1939
F.S.S.Bizerta - SalermoFrom September 1939 to end of 1943
F.T.Freetown - TrinidadFrom July 1943
F.X.P.English ChannelFrom June 1944. Invasion convoys
G.A.TGuantanamo - Aruba -
Trinidad
From August 1942. Former W.A.T.
G.C.Gibraltar - CasablancaFrom November 1942. Former T.F.
GibrCanares - GibraltarCoastal
G.K.Guantanamo - Key WestFrom September 1942
G.M.Gibraltar - MaltaFrom July 1941. Military convoys
G.N.Guantanamo - New YorkFrom September 1942
G.P.Guantanamo -
Panama Canal
From July 1942. G.Z. from September 1942
G.P.Australia - East CoastFrom 1942
G.S.UK Coastal
G.S.Greenland - Sydney, NS
G.T.UK Coastal
G.T.X.Gibraltar - Tripoli - Alexandria/Port SaidFrom May 1943
G.U.F.Gibraltar - USFrom November 1942. Fast
G.U.S.Gibraltar - USFrom November 1942. Slow
G.Z.Guantanamo -
Panama Canal
From September 1942. for G.P.
H.A.Halifax, NS - ArubaFrom July to September 1942
H.A.Tripoli - AugustaFrom August 1943
H.C.Calcutta - Colombo
H.G.Gibraltar - UKFrom September 1939 to September 1942, later M.K.F. and M.K.S
H.K.Galveston - Wey WestFrom August 1942
H.M.UK coastal
H.N.Bergen - MethilFrom October 1939 to April 1940
H.X.Halifax/N.Y. - UKFrom September 1939 to 1942 from Halifax. From September 1942 to May 1945 from New York. From July 1940 entry from the North Channel, and from October 1944 from South of Ireland. From September 1939 to February 1940 additional HXF (fast) convoys. Feeder convoys HXH from Halifax, NS. HXS from Sydney, NS. HXJ from St Johns, NFL.
J.C.Chittagong - Colombo
J.T.Rio de Janeiro - TrinidadFrom July 1943 for former B.T.
J.W.Loch Ewe - Kola FjordFrom December 1942, former P.Q. Part of convoy direct to Archangel
K.Casablanca - BrestFrom October 1939 to June 1940
K.B.Kola Fjord - White SeaFrom summer 1941
K.G.Key West - GuantanamoFrom September 1942
K.H.Key West - GalvestonFrom August 1942
K.J.Kingston - EuropeFrom September to October 1939. KJF (fast) also linked with KJ
K.M.F.UK - Mediterranean
(fast)
From October 1942. Military at the start. Replacing OG. From May 1943 to Alexandria
K.M.S.UK to Mediterranean
(slow)
From October 1942. From April 1943 linked with OS convoys off Gibraltar.
K.N.Key West - New YorkFrom May 1942 to Hampton Roads. From September 1942 to New York
K.P.Kola Fjord -
Pilottotown(Mississippi)
From August 1942
K.P.Kola Fjord -
Petsamo/Kirkenes
From November 1944. Soviet convoys.
K.R.Indian OceanFrom 1944. Military convoys
K.R.S.UK - North AfricaFrom 1942. Operation Torch
K.S.Oran/Casablanca -
Brest/St Nazaire
From September 1939 to June 1940. French
K.X.UK - GibraltarFrom October to November 1942. Operation Torch
L.E.Port Said/Alexandria -
Famagusta/Haifa/Beirut
From July 1941
L.M.D.Laurenco Marques -
Durban
From November 1942 to September 1943 then AKD.
L.S.Lagos - FreetownFrom April to August 1942 then TS
M.C.Middle East - Kilindini-
Capetown
From June 1940. Military.
M.EMediterranean - EastFrom June 1940
M.G.Malta - GibraltarFrom July 1941 to August 1942. Military
M.H.UK coastal
M.K.F.Mediterranean - UKFrom November 1942. Fast military
M.K.S.Mediterranean - UKFrom November 1942 replacing HG. Slow convoy. From May 1943 linked with SL
M.T.Methil - Tyne (replaced FNFrom February 1940
M.W.West Mediterranean - Alexandria/MaltaFrom July 1940 to 1941. Resumed November 1942. July 1943 MWF for operation Husky
N.A.North America - UKJanuary/February 1942. Military convoys. Later combined with AT
N.C.Oran/Algiers - SicilyJuly 1943. Invasion convoys for Operation Husky
N.E.New Zealand - Panama
N.G.New York - GuantanamoFrom August 1942
N.K.New York - Key WestFrom May to August 1942 from Hampton Roads, from August - New York
N.P.Clyde/Scapa Flow - NarvikApril 1940. Military
N.S.North Africa - Naples
O.A.Outward Bound to North AmericaSeptember 1939 to July 1940 from South Ireland. July 1940 to October 1940 from North Channel. Gibraltar section OAG till July 1940. From October 1940 OB only
O.B.Liverpool - North AmericaFrom September 1939 to July 1940 from Bristol Channel. From July 1940 from North Channel. July 1941 merged with ONF and ONS. Gibraltar section OBG until July 1940
O.C.Australian coastal1943
O.G.UK - GibraltarFrom October 1939 to August 1942 and from May to October 1943, then KMS. Until July 1940 from South of Ireland then from North Channel. Combined with KMS July 1943 and for a short time with OGF.
O.L.Mersey/Clyde - OutwardFrom September 1940 to October 1940. Large passenger liners only
O.N.Methil - BergenFrom November 1939 to April 1940
O.N.(F)UK - North AmericaFrom July 1941 fast convoys for former OB. From September 1944 from South of Ireland. From August 1944 final destination shifted from Halifax to New York.
O.N.S.UK - North AmericaFrom July 1941, slow convoy for OB. From September 1942 to 1943 final destination New York. From September 1944, South of Ireland. From March 1943 new number to avoid confusion with ON
O.S.UK - FreetownFrom July 1941 to September 1942, then again from February 1943. From April 1943 off Gibraltar together with KMS
O.T.New York - Caribbean -
Northwest Africa
From February 1943 to June 1944, tankers
P.A.Persian Gulf - AdenFrom September 1943
P.G.Panama - GuantanamoFrom July 1942 to September 1943
P.G.Australian coastal1943
P.K.Pilottotown, Miss - Key WestFrom August 1942
P.K.Petsamo - Kola FjordeFrom November 1944. Russian convoys
P.Q.Iceland - North RussiaFrom September 1941 to December 1942 then as JW
P.W.Portsmouth - Bristol ChanneltFrom July 1941
Q.P.North Russia - IcelandFrom September 1941 to December 1942 then as RA
Q.S.Quebec - SydneyFrom 1942
R.A.Kola Fjord - Loch EweFrom December 1942 for former QP. Russian feeder convoys BK.
R.B.St Lawrence - UKFrom September 1942. Transfer of passenger ships from Great Lakes to UK
R.S.Gibraltar - BrestFrom October 1939 to June 1940. French
R.S.Gibraltar - Sierra LeoneFrom February 1943
R.U.Reykjavik - UK
S.Brest - CasablancaFrom 1939 to June 1940. French
S.B.Malta - SicilyFrom July 1943. Invasion convoys for Operation Husky. Subdevided into SBF - Malta and SBM, SBS - Sfax
S.C.Sydney, NS - UKFrom August 1940 to May 1944, and again from October 1944.September 1942 to March 1943 assembly at New York, then Sydney again.
S.G.UK coastal
S.G.Sydney, NS - GreenlandFrom 1942.
S.L.Sierra Leone(Freetown) - UKFrom September 1939 to October 1942 and again from March 1943. Off Gibraltar linked with MKS
S.N.Naples - North African portsFrom 1943. Fast (SNF)
S.Q.Sydney, NS - QuebecFrom 1942.
S.R.Sierra Leone - GibraltarFrom February 1943
S.T.Freetown - TakoradiFrom December 1941. Later FL and FT
S.W.Suez - Durban/CapetownFrom 1940. WS on return.
T.A.UK - USAFrom March 1942. Military convoys, combined with AN
T.A.G.Trinidad - Aruba - GuantanamoFrom August 1942. Former TAW
T.A.M.Trinidad - Aruba - ???
T.A.W.Trinidad - Aruba - Key WestFrom July to August 1942 then TAG
T.B.USA - Sydney (Aust)From January 1942, military convoys
T.B.Trinidad - BahiaFrom December 1942 to July 1943 then TJ
T.B.C.UK coastalFrom 1944. Invasion convoys
T.C.Canadian Troop ConvoyFrom 1939 to 1940
T.E.Trinidad - eastwardFrom November 1942
T.F.Trinidad - FreetownFrom November 1942 to July 1943
T.E.Gibraltar - North African portsFrom November 1942
T.G.UK coastal
T.J.Trinidad - Rio de JaneiroFrom July 1943. Former TB
T.J.Tunisia - SicilyJuly 1943. Invasion convoy for Operation Husky with TJF, TJM and TJS
T.M.Tyne - MethilFrom February 1940
T.M.Trinidad - GibraltarFrom January 1943. Tanker convoy for Operation Torch
T.O.NW Africa - Caribbean - USAFrom February 1943 to June 1944. Tankers.
T.R.Trinidad - RecifeNovember 1942. One convoy only, then TB
T.S.Takoradi - FreetownFrom August 1942. From April 1942 LS
T.S.Tripoli - TerminiSeptember 1943. Invasion convoys for Operation Avalanche with TSF and TSS
T.U.UK - USAFrom September 1943. Military
T.X.Tripoli - AlexandriaFrom February 1943
U.C.UK - CaribbeanFrom February 1943. Special tanker convoys
U.G.F.USA - GibraltarFrom October 1942(fast) Initially invasion convoys Operation Torch then ports in North Africa
U.G.S.USA - GibraltarFrom October 1942(slow) as per UGF
U.R.UK - Reykjavik
U.S.Australia - Middle EastFrom January 1940. Military
U.T.USA - UKFrom August 1943. Military
V.A.Vilkizky - DiksonFrom July 1943. Russian
V.D.Vilkizky - DiksonFrom July 1943. Russian
W.A.T.Key West - Aruba - TrinidadFrom July to August 1942. Then GAT
W.E.P.
W.N.Loch Ewe - MethilFrom July 1940.
W.P.Bristol Channel - PortsmouthFrom July 1941.
W.S.UK - Middle East"Winstons Specials" From June 1940 to August 1943 mostly via Capetown. A few in Sept/41, June/42 and Aug/42 via the Mediterranean
X.Le Verdon - CasablancaFrom September 1939 to June 1940. French
X.B.Halifax - BostonFrom April 1942
X.C.Chagos - Maldives - ColomboFrom May 1940
X.K.Gibraltar - UKFrom October 1942. Special convoys for Operation Torch
X.S.Le Verdon - MediterraneanFrom September 1939 to June 1940. French
X.T.Alexandria - TripoliFrom January 1943
X.T.G.Alexandria - Tripoli - GibraltarFrom June 1943
Z.C.Panama Canal - CuracaoFrom August 1942
Z.G.Panama Canal - GuantanamoFrom September 1942. Former PG
M.V.S.
V.W.P.
W.E.G.
UK coastalVarious local coastal convoys